Sign In
The EEC Clarifies the Requirements of the Union Technical Regulation in Respect of Safety of the Drinking Water Filled in Bottles

The EEC Clarifies the Requirements of the Union Technical Regulation in Respect of Safety of the Drinking Water Filled in Bottles

03.03.15

In response to the requests of the business community and government agencies of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) member states on application of the technical regulation in respect of safety of the drinking water filled in bottles, the EEC informs of the following: 

The Decision of the Customs Union (CU) Commission Board dated on December 9, 2011 adopted the technical regulation of the CU “On food safety”, determined the transition periods for its implementation. This document entered in force on the 1st of July, 2013. According to the definition “food” determined by this technical regulation, drinking water filled in bottles is the object of its regulation.

The Decision of the CU Commission specified that, until the 15 of February, 2015 bottled drinking water was subject to state registration of a certain order in accordance to which the state registration was termless. By termination of the transition period, the requirements changed. Since February, 15, the provisions of the Article “Declaration of conformity” entered into force with respect to assessment (confirmation) of conformity of bottled drinking water (except of that referring to specialized food products).

The declaration of conformity of food products (including bottled drinking water) to the requirements of the technical regulation “On food safety” and other corresponding CU technical regulations is now performed by the adoption, at the option of the applicant, of the declaration of conformity either on the basis of own evidence and/or evidence received with participation of a third party.

The evidence may include documents at the option of the applicant that were the basis for confirmation of food products conformity to the requirement of the corresponding CU technical regulations, including research (tests) protocols of drinking water filled in bottles held earlier for state registration.

According to the CU technical regulation “On food safety”, bottled drinking water can be introduced to market only if it is fully compliant to the CU technical regulations.

Bottled drinking water being in circulation within expiration date specified by the manufacturer, as well as any food product must be safe. It shall not contain agents of infectious and parasitic diseases, their toxins presenting danger for human and animal health.

In order to ensure the safety of food products in the process of production (manufacturing), the manufacturer shall prepare, introduce and support the procedures based on the principles of HAССP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point) specified in the technical regulation “On food safety”. Organizing of the safety system in the process of production (manufacturing) of the food products and carrying out of control shall be performed by the manufacturer independently and (or) via a third party. 

Packing of drinking water filled in bottles must fully comply with requirements established by the CU technical regulation “On safety of packages”.

Requirements to food additives, flavourants and technological means used in production of food products shall be established by the CU technical regulations “Safety requirements for food additives, flavorings and technological aids”.

The labeling of the drinking water filled in bottles shall comply with the requirements specified by the CU technical regulation “Labeling of food products”.

It must be noted that according to the Treaty on the EAEU, international, regional (intergovernmental) standards, or if they do not exist, national (state) standards of member states (til regional (intergovernmental) standards are not adopted) may be applied on a voluntary basis in order to meet the requirements of the Union (the Customs Union) technical regulation and to assess the conformity to the requirements of the Union (the Customs Union) technical regulation.

For example, in 2013, the interstate standard GOST 32220-2013 “Drinking bottled water. General specifications” was adopted in respect of drinking water filled in bottles. It is recommended to be applied on a voluntary basis while assessing (confirming) the conformity of food products to the requirements which are not contrary to the CU technical regulations “On food safety”, “Safety requirements for food additives, flavorings and technological aids”, “Labeling of food products”, “On safety of packages”. The decision of the EAEU member state on interstate standard accession is made by the national standardization body.

The EEC is now updating the lists of standards to the CU technical regulation “On food safety”; it is planned to include the adopted interstate standard on drinking water in the updated lists of standards.

For the Union state members, GOST 32220-2013 contains reference regulations including references to the Unified Sanitary, Epidemiological and Hygienic Requirements to Products subject to the sanitary and epidemiological supervision (control).

Thus, prior to the CU technical regulation “Safety of bottled drinking water” coming into force, application of the mentioned standard on a voluntary basis will help to ensure that the requirements of the CU technical regulations “On food safety”, “Safety requirements for food additives, flavorings and technological aids”, “Labeling of food products”, “On safety of packages” are met in respect to the drinking water filled in bottles.

It should also be noted that declaration of conformity of bottled drinking water is performed at the option of the applicant according to one of the declaration schemes established by the CU technical regulation “On food safety”. Prepared declarations of conformity are subject to registration in national parts of the Unified Register of issued certificates of compliance and registered declarations of conformity of the EAEU states including information on the declaration comprising data on researches (tests) and measurements held, as well as other documents that are considered as evidences while adopting the declaration of conformity.

According to the law enforcement practice of conformity declaration for drinking water filled in bottles to the CU technical regulations “On food safety”, “Safety requirements for food additives, flavorings and technological aids”, “Labeling of food products”, “On safety of packages”, as evidences, the applicant may use the products research (test) protocols that are similar to the researches (tests) held earlier during state registration of drinking water on quality indicators of its epidemiological and radiation safety, chemical safety (concentration of toxic elements, organics of natural and anthropogenic origin) established in the Unified Sanitary Requirements, as well as certificates of state registration of such products issued earlier.

Reference:

The interstate standard GOST 32220-2013 “Drinking bottled water. General specifications” was adopted by the Interstate Council on Standardization, Metrology and Certification, and extends to drinking water filled in bottles and intended for drinking purposes, preparation of food, beverages, edible ice, and establishs general requirements to production, supply, sales, and use.