He was born on May 6, 1950 in the village of Novy Snov, Nesvizh District, Minsk Region.
He graduated from Snovskaya secondary school with a silver medal in 1967, from Brest Engineering and Construction Institute in 1972, and from Minsk Communist Party Higher School in 1989.
In 1972, he began his career as an engineer at Minskproekt State Design Institute.
From 1972 to 1973 he served in the Soviet army.
From 1973 to 1983 he held engineering and senior management positions in public utilities of the city of Minsk.
From 1983 to 1986 he was Chairman of Soviet District Executive Committee of the Council of People's Deputies of the city of Minsk, Deputy Chairman of the Executive Committee of Minsk City Council of People's Deputies, Secretary of Minsk City Committee of the Communist Party of Belarus.
From 1986 to 1990 he served as Minister of Housing and Public Utilities of the BSSR.
From 1990 to 1995 he was Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the BSSR - Chairman of the State Committee for Economy and Planning of the BSSR, First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, and Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus.
In 1994, he was appointed as a member of the Presidium of the Interstate Economic Committee of the Economic Union (CIS).
From 1995 to 2001 he was Head of Presidential Executive Office of the Republic of Belarus.
From 2001 to 2010 he served as Chairman of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (President, since 2004 – Chairman of the Presidium).
From 2003 to 2012 he was Chairman of the Subcommittee for State Awards of the Republic of Belarus in the field of science and technology.
Since 2015 he was Chairman of the Committee for State Awards of the Republic of Belarus.
From 2010 to 2014 he served as Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus.
From 2015 to 2019 he co-chaired the Forums of Regions of Belarus and Russia held annually by the Council of the Republican National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus and the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
In 2014 he took part in the UN Climate Summit, as well as in the first Belarusian-American Investment Forum, which were both held in New York.
From 2015 to 2019 he was Chairman of the Council of the Republic of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus of the fifth (2015-2016) and sixth (2016-2019) convocations, Chairman of the Council for Interaction of Local Self-Government Bodies under the Council of the Republic of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus (2015-2019).
He was Chairman of the Supervisory Board of BelAZ Open Joint-Stock Company.
He has three Certificates of Gratitude from the President of the Republic of Belarus. He was invested with the following awards: the Order "Badge of Honor" (1981), the Order of the Fatherland of the 3rd class (2000), the Order of the Fatherland of the 2rd class (2020), the Order of Friendship (Russian Federation) (2009), the Order of Friendship (People's Republic of China) (2010), the Order of the Belarusian Orthodox Church of St. Cyril of Turov of the 1st class (2010), anniversary medals, the Badge "Gold Medal of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus "For a Major Contribution to the Development of Science"" (2014), D. Cantemir Medal of the National Academy of Sciences of Moldova, the Big Gold Medal of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Certificates of Honor of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus and the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus, V.M. Ignatovsky Badge of Honor of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (2018). He is Honorary Citizen of the town of Nesvizh (2015).
He is Doctor of Economics (1998), Professor (2003), and Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (2009). He is also Doctor Honoris Causa of St. Petersburg State University of Economics (2008) and Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (2011), Professor Emeritus of Brest State Technical University (2013), and Professor Emeritus of Belarusian State University (2017). He is the author of monographs, scientific papers and publications in the field of economics, international integration and state-building. He has trained three Candidates of Science.
He is married. He has a daughter and a son, and four grandchildren.