As Sergei Glazyev, EEC Minister in charge of Integration and Macroeconomics, has stressed the EAEU faced new difficulties after the pandemic. The sanctions have nearly disrupted relations between Russia and Belarus with the European Union which accounts for half of the EAEU's exports and almost half of its imports.
"Product supply chains are being destroyed, and prices for primary and exchange goods, including food products, are rising. Under these circumstances, it will be difficult to achieve the SDGs, especially those related to ending hunger (SDG 2) and ensuring health and well-being (SDG 3). We see the tendency for chaotic food markets in many countries. We should think about how to stabilize them", Sergei Glazyev said. "The resources and technologies available in the world enable manufacturing food for 20 bln people, which is twice as many as populate the planet. The problem resides in their fair distribution, developing equitable international economic relations as well as price increases due to the policy of quantitative easing of countries issuing reserve currencies".According to Sergei Glazyev, significant reform of international trade and economic relations is required: "We set an objective to develop the Eurasian exchange space and we think about how to develop a new international monetary and financial system that would be invulnerable to sanctions".
"Today, the SCO becomes a key element in forming a space of open and mutually beneficial cooperation. Through the offices of the SCO and EAEU countries, the Eurasian region will become a space of peace and prosperity", Muratbek Azimbakiev said.The round table attendees have stated that the pandemic and the current crisis stopped the progress in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals. For example, Ahmad Zafarullah, Director of the ASEAN Integration Monitoring Department of thehttps://eec.eaeunion.org/upload/medialibrary/4a7/ASEAN_Dr.-Ahmad-Zafarullah-Abdul-Jalil.pdfASEAN Secretariat, stressed that more than 10 mln people had returned to the extreme poverty level since 2020. At the same time, the post-pandemic recovery in the ASEAN continues, this was facilitated by the growth of demand in trade and active investment in services, manufacturing and technology industries. However, the situation in Ukraine can disrupt the global supply chain, especially food products, fuel and fertilizers.
"The EU announces ambitious plans to move away from dependence on Russian gas by switching to other supply sources and accelerating the green agenda. But in fact, we witness rejection of the green agenda and the use of coal capacities. Conversations were resumed about using nuclear energy".Sergei Glazyev stated that the sanctions actually "shoot down the green agenda".
"By rejecting Russian energy resources, the EU expands unsustainable fuels (for example, coal). It will mean a significant lag in implementing the SDGs, relating to access to clean energy (SDG 7) and climate action (SDG 13). Today, we in the EAEU discuss forming a systemic environmental agenda which regulates emissions of not only greenhouse gases, but also other harmful gases affecting the public health. We believe that the environmental agenda should be expanded", the EEC Minister said.Tatiana Zavyalova, Senior Vice President for ESG at Sberbank, proposed creating a unified taxonomy of the EAEU green finance based on the best practices of Russia, Kazakhstan and other EAEU countries. According to her, this will enable approving the concept of green project in the EAEU territory and facilitating investments in this field from any of its parts.
Fatimat Niuma, Deputy Minister of National Planning, Housing and Infrastructure of the Republic of Maldives, shared her experience in implementing green projects in her country, and Sergey Korotkov, Director of the UNIDO Centre for International Industrial Cooperation in the Russian Federation, went into detail on promoting sustainable and foster industrialization (SDG 9) as well as starting a global program to encourage the use of green hydrogen in the manufacturing industry.
"In general, there will be growth throughout the world, but it will be fragmented and will not affect those countries involved in the conflict. According to our estimates, developing countries will need 310 bln US dollars to repay external public debt", Anastasia Nesvetailova noted.Summing up the round table, Askar Japparkulov, Moderator — Director of the EEC Macroeconomic Policy Department, noted the timeliness of this discussion as well as the need for international dialogue to achieve sustainable development of the planet and society.